The wear layer in luxury vinyl flooring consists of a top clear coat that protects your floor from daily wear and tear: damages, scratches, and stains.
The core layer of luxury vinyl is made of either SPC (stone plastic composite) or WPC (wood plastic composite). Both options are 100% waterproof, which is the primary reason you can install luxury vinyl flooring throughout your entire home.
While WPC and SPC are both excellent choices, there are slight performance differences between them. Floors with a WPC core are less dense, feel more comfortable under your feet, and are better at retaining heat. Floors with an SPC core are denser, feel more sturdy under your feet (similar to the feeling of wood flooring), and offer more durability. SPC is a great choice for commercial use and can hold up exceptionally well in homes with heavy traffic.
Surface textures for LVP flooring create a luxurious wood look with natural variations and astonishingly realistic details. Popular surface texture choices include woodgrain, smooth, and EIR (Embossed-in-Register).
The width of the planks typically ranges between 6 inches to 9 inches or more. Generally, wider and longer planks look better in bigger rooms, and standard planks are more suitable for smaller spaces.
If you have an open floor plan, wider planks can add a sense of luxury and appear less cramped. To create an aesthetically pleasing overall look, aim for a balance between the size of your space and the size of planks.
A click-lock installation is the easiest, most DIY-friendly option. The edges of the planks snap together and float over your subfloor, creating a secure connection that doesn’t require the use of glue or nails. This method cuts down your installation time and is the go-to for most residential buildings.
Glue-down vinyl, not to be confused with peel and stick vinyl flooring, requires the use of an adhesive to seal the planks to your subfloor. Although it creates a more secure connection, it is recommended for commercial use with heavy foot traffic.